As Tarefas Revolucionárias da Juventude Vladimir Ilich Lenin

ISBN:

Published: 2000

Paperback

63 pages


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As Tarefas Revolucionárias da Juventude  by  Vladimir Ilich Lenin

As Tarefas Revolucionárias da Juventude by Vladimir Ilich Lenin
2000 | Paperback | PDF, EPUB, FB2, DjVu, audiobook, mp3, RTF | 63 pages | ISBN: | 7.33 Mb

During the next few years Lenin was essentially dictator (a ruler with unquestionable authority) of Russia. The major task he faced was establishing this authority for himself and his party in the country. Most of his policies can be understood inMoreDuring the next few years Lenin was essentially dictator (a ruler with unquestionable authority) of Russia. The major task he faced was establishing this authority for himself and his party in the country. Most of his policies can be understood in this light, even though he angered some elements in the population while satisfying others.

Examples of such policies include the governments seizing of land from its owners and redistributing it to the peasants, forming a peace treaty with Germany, and the nationalization (putting under central governmental control) of banks and industry.From 1918 to 1921 a fierce civil war raged, which the Bolsheviks finally won against seemingly overwhelming odds. During the civil war Lenin tightened his partys dictatorship and eventually eliminated all rival political parties.

Lenin had to create an entirely new political system with the help of inexperienced people. He was also heading a failing economy and had to create desperate means for putting people to work. He also created the Third (Communist) International, an association of parties that promoted the spread of the revolution to other countries and that enforced the Soviet system as a model for this movement.

Meanwhile he had to cope with conflict and criticism from his own party colleagues.When the civil war had been won and the regime firmly established, the economy was ruined, and much of the population was bitterly opposed to the regime. At this point Lenin reversed many of his policies and instituted a reform called the New Economic Policy.

It was a temporary retreat from the goal of establishing socialism at once. Instead, the stress of the partys policies would be on economic rebuilding and on the education of a peasant population for life in the twentieth century. In the long run, Lenin hoped both these policies would make the benefits of socialism obvious to all, so the country would gradually grow into socialism.On May 26, 1922, Lenin suffered a serious stroke (a loss of consciousness due to the rupture or blockage of an artery in the brain).

After recovering from this first stroke, he suffered a second on December 16. He was so seriously ill that he could participate in political matters only occasionally. He moved to a country home at Gorki, Russia, near Moscow, where he died on January 21, 1924.



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